Алтернативни енергоизточници > Стефан Маринов

Annus Horribilis

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**mzk**:

Annus Horribilis е платена публикация на Стефан Маринов в списание Nature.

Той е платил публикацията, понеже умниците от Nature отказват да я публикуват като научна статия под предлог, че изключително рядко позволяват публикации на "псевдонаучни" (както са я нарекли) новини.

На този линк можете да намерите по-лесно четим вариант:

http://itis.volta.alessandria.it/episteme/ep6/ep6-marin.htm

В долния пост ще публикувам вариант, разпространен по пощенските групи, заради което някои особености при изписването на формулите са променени.

MARINOV: ANNUS HORRIBILIS

The following advertisement appeared in 28 March 1996 issue of Nature.

Следната реклама бе публикувана на 28 март 1996 година в списание Nature.

------------------------------------------------

From an enclosure sent with New Energy News,

Vol. 3, No. 10, April 1996.

On: The Institute for New Energy Web Site at:

www.padrak.com/ine/

Permission Given to post anywhere and to anyone.

------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------

[* Note: Transcribed for Stefan for use on the internet, to be able to

be read by all net browsers. I have replaced all greek letters, vector

notations, and integral signs, etc., by ASCII text A summary of these

replacement definitions appears at the bottom of this paper. Also, text

written in italics has been double-quoted, headings have been

capitalized, and equations are spaced out for clarity. My notes are

only in the square brackets. Patrick Bailey, May 1996. ine@padrak.com]

------------------------------------------------

The year 1996 will be an earthquake year for conventional physics: many

formulas in the textbooks will be changed, many century-old dogmas will

be renounced and many saints will be de- sainted. This radical change

had to begin tens of years ago but the lack of glasnost in physics all

over the world has delayed it and instead of having evolutional,

step-by-step reformations and several lighter earthquakes, now there

will be a tremendous one., Vours l'avez voulu, Georges Dandins!

By my half-a-century experimental and theoretical work I showed the

following (see references in my 16 books, 60 refereed papers, 8 paid

advertisements and numerous papers and editor's comments in the journal

DEUTSCHE PHYSIK edited by me):

1. THE PRINCIPLE OF RELATIVITY IS WRONG.

Indeed, I measured three times optico-mechanically and once

electromagnetically the Earth's absolute velocity. Its magnitude is 350

km/sec with equatorial coordinates of its apex

delta = -20 degrees, alpha = 12" (approx.).

2. THE PRINCIPLE OF EQUIVALENCE IS WRONG.

Indeed, my interferometric "coupled mirrors" experiment which was

carried out during a year showed that when the laboratory's acceleration

was kinematic (acceleration with respect to distant stars), the

laboratory's velocity changed, while when it was dynamic (gravitational

attraction by the Earth) there was no change.

3. THE ENERGY CONSERVATION LAW IS WRONG.

My machines MAMIN COLIU and VENETIN COLIU which work with zero, or near

to zero, Lenz effect, and SIBERIAN COLIU which works with anti-Lenz

effect violated this law. Only because of lack of money I could not

close the energetic circle in the first two, but the third one was not

expensive and I could run it as a "perpetuum mobile." The day when I

shall present this machine at a press-conference will be the start-day

for the earthquake.

4. THE LORENTZ EQUATION IS WRONG.

If there are two electric charges q, q' moving with velocities [vectors]

v, v' and the vector-distance from q' to q is r, according to the

Lorentz equation the [vector] force with which q'v' acts on qv is given

by the following "Grassmann formula"

(1) fG = (mu0 q q' / (4 pi r**3)) {(v dot r) v' - (v dot v') r}.

Numerous experiments done by other authors (Hering's experiments are

from the beginning of the century!) and by me showed that the force

acting on qv can be not only transverse to its velocity, as required by

(l), but also longitudinal. Any rational man when seeing at least one

falsifying experiment rejects the respective formula (Popper). However,

for thousands and thousands of "Betonk?" even a hundred experiments

were not enough. In the photograph there is one such falsifying

experiment which (as well as the other) can be carried out by children:

A cylindrical magnet is cut along one of its axial planes and the one

half is turned up-down (the magnetic forces themselves do the rotation).

Around this magnet, there is a trough filled with mercury in which the

copper ring which can be seen at right swims (the children take salt

solution and suspend the ring on threads). After sending a current of

some tens of amperes from the battery at left, which is regulated by the

rheostat, the ring begins to rotate. That's all!

5. THE LORENTZ-MARINOV EQUATION IS THE RIGHT ONE.

According to (1) f'G [vector] is not equal and oppositely directed to

fG. I obtained Marinov formula by the "most simple and natural

symmetrization" of (1) (take into account that [vector] r = - r')

(2) fm = (fG - f'B)/2

= (mu0 q q'/ (8 pi r**3))

{(v' dot r) v + (v dot r) v' - 2 (v dot v') r}.

Proceeding from (2), and assuming Phi is not 0, and the partial of A

with respect to t [pA/pt, where p is the greek symbol delta here] is

also not 0, I obtained by the "most simple calculations" that the

[vector] force with which an electric system acts on a test charge q

moving with velocity v is

(3) f/q = - grad Phi - (pA/pt) + v x B + v S

= Elor + v x B + v S

where Phi, A are the electric and magnetic potentials generated by the

system at the point of the charge's location, Blor = rot A [vector] is

the "Lorentz magnetic intensity," Swhit = - div A/2 is the "Whittaker

magnetic intensity," and

(4) Bmar = -(mu0 / (8 pi)) Integral { q' (v x v') (r dot v)/v**2 r**3 }

Smar = -(mu0 / (8 pi)) Integral { q' (v dot v') (r dot v)/v**2 r**3

}

are the "Marinov vector" and "scalar magnetic intensities." B = Blor +

Bmar [vectors] is called "vector magnetic intensity" and S = Swhit +

Smar is called "scalar magnetic intensity." (3) is called the

"Lorentz-Marinov equation." If neglecting the last term and under B we

understand Blor we obtain the Lorentz equation which I call the

Lorentz-Grassmann equation. That's the whole theory!

6. THE ANGULAR MOMENTUM CONSERVATION LAW IS WRONG.

My Bul-Cub machine with interrupted current and rotating Ampere bridge

with interrupted current rotated under the action of internal forces

only. Marinov's formula allows violation of the angular momentum

conservation law as the magnetic forces with which two charges interact

are equal and oppositely directed but "may not lie on the line

connecting them."

7. IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO VIOLATE THE MOMENTUM CONSERVATION LAW IN

ELECTROMAGNETISM.

Obvious conclusion from Marinov's formula.

8. DISPLACEMENT CURRENT DOES NOT EXIST.

For closed circuits both Grassmann and Marinov formulas do not allow

violation of the momentum and angular momentum conservation laws as the

first terms in (1) and (2) contain total differentials. As conventional

physics believes in the displacement current of Maxwell, it accepts that

all currents always are closed. I showed by numerous experiments that

there is no displacement current (neither in vacuum nor in dielectrics)

and one can interrupt the circuits by the help of condensers. At the

age of 15 I understood that displacement current is a phantasmagoria and

presented to my teacher in Sofia the following objection: "If the

displacement current between the plates of a condenser acts with

magnetic forces on other currents, then according to Newton's third law

the other currents must act with magnetic forces on the displacement

current and set it in motion. But how, comrade teacher, can vacuum be

set in motion?" Teacher's answer was: "Shut up, child"

9. THE GAUGE TRANSFORMATIONS ARE ILLEGITIMATE.

According to conventional physics not the potentials but the intensities

determine the motion of the test charge (exactly the opposite is true),

and thus any change of the potentials which leaves the intensities the

same is allowable, i.e., one can "calibrate" the potentials. It is easy

to see that the calibration div A = 0 is allowable. Thus conventional

physics "believes" that a "really existing force", the Whittaker force

[vector]

fw = - q v div A/2

= q v Swhit

can be put equal to zero.

Monstrosity!

To see the action of fw, take two metal spheres the one charged

positively and the other negatively. Put around one of the spheres a

circular wire along which current flows so that it is perpendicular to

the line connecting the spheres. When connecting the spheres by a wire

and current begins to flow, the circular wire begins to rotate. The

"only force" which acts on the circular wire is fw.

10. THERE IS NO PROPAGATION OF INTERACTION.

As only mass can move from one point to another, "interaction" can be

only a ghost. But a rational man does not believe in ghosts. On the

other hand, the mathematical expressions of Bmar and Smar show that the

"fields" cannot propagate in space with a certain velocity, as Bmar and

Smar depend on the "direction of motion" of the test charge. To these

people who may object that one is not sure whether the Lorentz-Marinov

equation is the right one, my answer is:

Until the day when some falsifying experiment should be presented (this

day will never come!) the world is "impelled" to accept it as true.

11. POTENTIAL, RADIATION AND RADIATION REACTION ELECTRIC INTENSITIES.

These three kinds of intensities can be obtained if putting in the

expression for the Lorentz "electric intensity" [vector] Elor (see (3))

the observation electric and magnetic potentials

(5) Phi = q / (4 pi e0 r)

A = mu0 q v / (4 pi r)

with

r = r' (v' dot r') / c

v = v' + u' r' / c

where r, v, u are distance, velocity and acceleration at the

"observation" moment t and r', v', u' at the "advanced" moment t' = t -

r'/c (conventional physics "wrongly" call t' "retarded moment").

Conventional physics, following Lienard and Wiechert, "wrongly" writes A

with v'. For this reason conventional physics obtains only the

potential and radiation intensities Epot, Erad and "artificially"

introduces the radiation reaction intensity Erea coming to

phantasmagoric "self-accelerations." Proceeding from (5) I (and any

child who can differentiate!) obtained also the radiation reaction

intensity

Erea = - mu0 q w / (6 pi c)

where w = w' is the charge's super-acceleration.

Erad = mu0 q r' x {(r' - v' r' / c) x u'} /

(4 pi (r'- (v' dot r') / c)**3)

is due to "moving mass" (radiated energy), as charges moving with

acceleration lose energy, while Erea acts on the radiating charge

itself. To obtain all radiation effects one has simply to integrate the

obtained formulas for a single charge. That's "nearly" all about

radiation of electromagnetic waves!

12. THERE ARE NO "FIELDS."

According to the "field-marshals" the "fields" exist physically. One

can move them and a moving magnetic field produces electric field, etc.

When I hear all these "stupidities," I get diarrhea. After repeating

the Rowland experiment (a magnetic needle near a charged disk deviates

when the disk is set in rotation), I carried out the inverse one (the

disk at rest, the needle rotates) and the co-moving one (disk and needle

rotate), taking instead of a needle a Hall detector. According to the

"field marshals" the inverse experiment must give the same effect as the

direct one (I observed no effect), while the co-moving experiment must

give null result (I observed the same effect as at the direct

experiment). The Inertial experiment can be done charging a conveyer

belt.

13. CURRENT CONDUCTING WIRES BECOME CHARGED POSITIVELY.

Conventional physics asserts that they remain neutral (Clausius

postulate). Meanwhile always after measurements, the rheostat in the

photograph remained charged and touching it by hand there was a spark.

The positive sign was established by the method known to ancient Greeks.

Every child explains the effect taking into account that the positive

electrode of the battery "sucks" electrons from the wire while the

negative electrodes "spits" electrons and the former effect is

"primary."

14. B-MACHINES AND S-MACHINES.

The electromagnetic machines working on B are called "B-machines" and

these ones working on S are called "S-machines." By the help of the

first three fingers of his right hand any child older than 15 can show

when looking at the third term in (3) that the B-generators "brake."

Meanwhile by the help of only one finger any child younger than 15 can

show when looking at the fourth term in (3) that the S-generators

"accelerate."

15. THE PERPETUUM MOBILE SIBERIAN COLIU.

Swhit is produced by the first term in (2) and for a complete circuit is

null. For this reason Swhit can be observed only at interrupted

circuits (see item 9). However Smar can be different from zero also for

a complete circuit. Why then has nobody observed it? Because all

people have worked with cylindrical or quasi-cylindrical magnets for

which Smar = 0. Who has cut a cylindrical magnet in two pieces rotating

the one half up-down? - NOBODY! The first man who has done this is

called Gennadi Nicolaev and lives in Tomsk in Siberia. For this reason

I called this magnet the SIBERIAN COLIU magnet and the perpetuum mobile

which I constructed with it the SIBERIAN COLIU machine. The machine

shown in the photograph is a SIBERIAN COLIU machine. It will work as a

perpetuum mobile if the "driving" torque produced by the current induced

in the ring when it will be set in rotation with a certain velocity will

be larger than the friction torque. I constructed the machine in the

photograph in 1993 and the last three years I did "nothing else" than to

try to increase its driving torque and decrease its friction torque,

noting that all B-currents induced in the rotor generated additional

friction torque. The driving torque was produced only by the S (i.e.,

Smar) currents. Smar is very strong near the cutting plane, from the

one side positive, from the other negative. The "dozens" of my SIBERIAN

COLIU machines are presented with photographs in DEUTSCHE PHYSIK.

16. ALL CONVENTIONAL THEORIES FOR THE ORIGIN ON EARTH'S MAGNETIZATION

ARE WRONG.

If rotating a cylindrical piece of any metal by a boring machine, one

sees that it becomes magnetized. Conventional physics believes first

that only ferromagnetics become magnetized and second that the

magnetization is proportional to the "angular" rotational velocity, as

this was promulgated by Barnett. My friend C. Monstein demonstrated

that the magnetization is proportional to the "linear" rotational

velocity and I called this the "Monstein-Barnett effect." Proceeding

from the Monstein-Barnett effect, I calculated the magnetization of the

Earth, the Sun and the planets, obtaining excellent coincidences with

the measured values. As Venus is the only planet whose nucleus is

liquid, it is not magnetized. The most cherished conventional theory

for Earth's magnetization is the "unipolar dynamo theory" of Elsasser.

It is "ridiculous," as a unipolar machine can work only at the existence

of sliding contacts and moving with respect to each other parts.

17. MAGRETIC ENERGY DOES EXIST.

By the most elementary speculations and calculations I showed that: a)

the gravitational energy of two masses is not a negative quantity, as

accepted by conventional physics, but a "positive" quantity, b) the

gravitational potential generated by all masses of the universe is equal

to c**2, c) electricity and gravity are two completely analogical

sciences from a mathematical point of view. The "only difference" is

that the gravitational "charges" are the proper masses mb = m/SQRT(1 -

v**2/c**2) and that negative masses do not exist. There are "no" other

differences. Thus, a "magretic energy," i.e., a "magnetic kind" of

energy in gravity, must exist and gravity is to be called

"gravimagretism" (this is the title of part IV of my encyclop椩a work

CLASSICAL PHYSICS). I proposed a "very simple" experiment which can

reveal the existence of magretic energy. This experiment, moreover, can

serve for measurement of the Earth's absolute velocity.

18. THE RECESSION HYPOTHESIS FOR THE GALAXIES IS WRONG.

I call stellar "red shift" this one which is caused by the gravitational

action of the star on the emitted by it light, "galactic" "red shift"

this one which is caused by the gravitational action of the respective

galaxy and "cosmic" - by all cosmic matter. Conventional physics

believes that the big "red shifts" of light coming from remote galaxies

are due to their recession velocities. This is a phantasmagoria. The

most simple calculation, which can be carried out by any child, shows

that they are due to the gravitational action of all cosmic matter and

that they are proportional "not" to the distance to the emitting galaxy

(or quasar) but to the "square" of this distance. I showed that the

experimental data fit "much better" to a square plot. Respectively,

instead of a Hubble constant, a Hubble-Marinov constant is to be

introduced, for which the children obtain the "strictly defined value"

HM**2 = 2 pi delta mu / (3 c**2)

where delta is the gravitational constant and mu is the average mass

density in the Universe.

NOTE: On the 5 March 1996 I submitted to NATURE my paper

"After 500 Years Columbus-Egg-Problem Has Finally Been Solved,"

in which I show how a body can be maintained in an UNSTABLE equilibrium

(problem which, contrary to the general opinion, Columbus has NOT

solved). My "Marinov egg" is supported by magnetic forces. If it has

SPHERICAL form, it has three degrees of freedom (the Euler angles) free

and represents moreover a PERPETUUM MOBILE. If before 1 May the paper

will not appear in the scientific columns of NATURE, I shall publish it

as a paid advertisement. In the first (or second) case 15 days after

the publication I shall present my SIBERIAN COLIU perpetuum mobile at a

press conference.

Stefan Marinov

Morellenfeldgasse 16, A-8010, Graz, Austria

Marinov is Editor of Deutsche Physik,

an International Glasnost Journal on Fundamental Physics.

[* Notes on Notations:

A summary of symbols I replaced in this file for internet transmission:

alpha = the Greek letter alpha.

delta = the Greek letter delta.

e0 = the greek letter epsilon, subscript zero.

mu0 = the greek letter mu, subscript zero.

pi = 3.141592653...

fG = f subscript G, etc.

f'G = f' subscript G, etc.

Phi = the Greek capital letter phi.

pA/pt = the partial derivative of A with respect to t -

(dA/dt using the greek letters delta, not these d's).

x**y = (x)^y = x to the power y.

Integral { x } = the Indefinite Integral of x.

Vectors in the above text:

A

B

Blor

Bmar

Elor

Epot

Erad

Erea

fG

fB

fM

fW

r

u

v

and their primes, etc.

(v x v') = vector cross product of the vectors v and v'

(r dot v) = scalar dot product of the vectors r and v

.. end Note.]

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